SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON,
THE CANAJOHARIE PATENT
PLEASE, DON’T CONFUSE US WITH THE FACTS
Few men in American History have been as vilified as George Klock. Countless historians have written of his tyranny over the Canajoharie Indians and all have based their claims upon the writings of Sir William Johnson. The recent discovery of the original deed involved in this land grant has led to a new look into this 240 year old controversy. There is more than ample evidence within the writings of Sir William Johnson, the writings of Johnson’s proteges, the records of “The Supreme Court of Judicature in the State of New York", "The Court for the Trial of Impeachments and the Correction of Errors in the State of New York,” and the original land records to flesh out the complete story and to offer a proper perspective of the issue. Yet, when it comes to George Klock, Sir William Johnson, and the Canajoharie Patent, scholars seem to scream out: Please, don’t confuse us with the facts.
The above deed is in excellent condition and demonstrates no evidence of ataxia4in the totem marks made by the “sachims” who are said to have signed it.
A second deed (Indorsed Land Papers, NY State Archives, Mss #AO272, Volume 10, page 120 [hereafter “ILP”)5 was signed by Kanaquasho, Tieonroaghtadie, Warries alias Kanachquiejutsha, Onnaharishoh, Kanashquasse, Kanadagje, Watyanenishare,and Abraham . . . Native Indians of the Province of New York . . . on July 1, 1730 for £425 in Mercandize. In this indenture, title to:
. . . all that Tract of
Land Lying and being on the West Side of the Maquae river beginning at a Place Called by the Natives Onieyodee thence along
the said river as it runs to the Westermost End of a Piece of Land or a Certain Place Called
Was transferred into the hands of Abraham Van Hoorne, William Provoust, Philip Livingston, Mary Burnett: The totem marks upon this deed was again appear to be without sign(s) of ataxia.
On May 10,1731, Philip Livingston & Company signed an agreement with David Schuyler to share equally in the Canajoharie Patent if he should agree to pay one full fifth of all expenses involved in the attainment of Letters Patent, (ILP,10:153).
Sometime after the granting of the Letters Patent on 1731, William Provoust sold unto Philip Livingston for £100, his one-fifth interest in the said patent, giving Livingston, a three-fifths ownership of the patent (Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Judicature and in the Court for the Trial of Impeachments and the Correction of Errors, in the State of New York, Volume III, page 118 [hereafter SCJ]).
Nothing more is found recorded in regards to the patent, or
to any dissatisfaction amongst the Indians, until about the 9th of December, 1746 when the following memorial was
presented to the Colonial Council, an event in which Sir William was involved as an “advocate for the Six
Petition of some Mohawk Warriors in behalf of themselves & their Brethren
of the Mohawks & Conojohary Castle
Livingston has obtained for the Onowedage Flatts7 & some other lands lower down the River, comprised in the said Patent may be broke, it haveing never been bought from them or payd for, notwithstanding some Indian hands may be produced. This and such like dealings, with the bringing rum to our Castle, has made us dwindle away as the snow does in a warm sun shining day. Your high wisdom undoubtedly will find remedy to release a poor distressed people, who will use all means to return1 their sinking condition by getting more Indians to live and plant among us. Your Excellency's care in this will effectually convince us that your Excellency loves justice & equity, & at the same time cause us as well as the Conojohary Castle to be easy in our minds & ready to embrace every oppertunity to shew our zeal and fervour for the English Nation and your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray.
Thou gh Klock’s importance in the future of this patent was at this point in time unknown to both Johnson and history; Sir William shortly after the Indians public complaints about the propriety of the Canajoharie Patent set his sights upon George Klock, and set out to ruin his reputation amongst both the Indians and the British Government’s officials:
Mount Johnson May 7th 1747
There is another grand villain George Clock lives by Conajoharie Castle, who robs the Indians of all their cloaths &c which they get of me. I had severed complaints of Hendrick &c. about his behaviour, upon which I wrote him twice to give over that custom of selling liquor to the Indians, the answer was he gave the bearer, I might hang myself. [William Johnson] (DRCHNY, 6:362).
But, the true feeling of the Canajoharie Mohawks towards Klock were apparently far different than those expressed by Sir William Johnson. By late 1752, George Klock, William Nellis, and others had set into motion an effort to obtain a license to purchase some Indian lands on the north-side of the Mohawk River, which would later become known as “Klock’s Purchase.” And, while the details of this patent are not important to this study, the words of both Colonial Government officials and the Canajoharie Indians in relation to later events are:
Fort George in the City of N York
The16th June 1753
Minutes of a conference held this day between His Excellency the Honble Geo Clinton Capt General & Commander in Chief of the Colony of New York &c &c and seventeen Mohawk Indians
His Excellency having thus concluded his Reply. Indian Hendrik rose up and spoke as follows
Those persons who came down before us, we have sold & given Lands to and are desirous you will give them Deeds for the same and Brother we desire for the future that you will never Grant any Licences to purchase Lands unless we are present with you
If any Person or Persons whatsoever shall come to measure Lands in our Parts without first having our consent, should any accident happen we hope you Brother will not expect any satisfaction from us
We don’t lay the blame so much on Mr Colden as on those persons who employed him
We desire that Jerry Klock here present may have a Licence to purchase the Land we have agreed with him for
We desire you will promise to comply with our Requests
I will grant a Licence to Peter Schuyler in the usual Form to purchase the Lands which you say you have given him, as you Desire it & as this Land seems to be given him instead of the Land he had obtained a Licence to purchase from you, and as the Land you desire to be granted to Jerry Klock and the other matters you have just now mentioned, they seem of so extraordinary a nature, I can come to no immediate Resolution upon them especially as there are so few of the Gentlemen of the Council in Town, and therefore those Matters shall be taken into consideration and an answer given you thereupon at the conference to be held at Albany this summer. . .
To this Hendrik replyed
All what we have desired to be done for our Good is not granted which makes our hearts ache very much
When we came here to relate our Greivances about our Lands, we expected to have some thing done for us, and we have told you that the Covenant Chain of our Forefathers was like to be broken, and brother you tell us that we shall be redressed at Albany, but we know them so well, we will not trust to them, for they are no people but Devils, so we rather desire that you'l say, Nothing shall be done for us
By & By you'l expect to see the Nations down which you shall not see, for as soon as we come home we will sendup a Belt of Wampum to our Brothers the 5 Nations to acquaint them the Covenant Chain is broken between you and us. So brother you are not to expect to hear of me any more, and Brother we desire to hear no more of you. And we shall no longer acquaint you with any News or affairs as we used to do; and as to Jerry Klock there are people who want to do him some harm but we will not agree to it
We did not expect when we came from Home that all our desires would have no effect The Indians then went away
The foregoing Proceedings between His Excellency Governor Clinton and a Deputation of the Mohawk Indians contained in Eighteen pages are faithfully taken from the Records of Indian Affairs
Secry and Agent
It would seem to be that “King Hendrik”8 was threatening to disband the“Covenant Chain” with Great Britain over the issue of land sales, a major one of these land transactions involving George Klock.
NewYork the 15. October 17<54.>
The patent in Compagnie with David Schuyler & others Contains 8000. acres. the Share of Philipp Livingstons heirs is 2/5 which is 3200 Acres Any person Inclined to Buy the whole may apply to the Subscriber who will sell the same at Ten Shelling per acre rady Mony.
Philipp Livingston (SWJ 3:342).
. . . So soon as the Indians discovered the affair they publickly
disavowed it. . . & that . . . In the year 1754, at Albany the Indsin my presence complained to the
Governor & Council of the injustice of the patent, which they had then lately heard Was taken out, when
MrAlexander, (now Lord Sterling), & Mr
Klock has a Lycense to purchase a small Tract of about 6 or 700 acres on the N side the Mohawks River near the Van drissens and the Tract he him self lives on. I see no difficulty in excluding him from any Share, if your proposal takes Effect. [From Goldsbrow Banyar] To SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON Baronet [November 23, 1761].
The charge will be very little more and as the same Difficulty occurs with respect to the 800 acres, (or 500 acres as M'. Dubois says it contains) if you approve of it, these two small Tracts may be included in the same Petition, the first for yourself and the other for M'. DuBois and myself, as the Gentlemen concerned in the 30000 have no interest in this. Klock you know was to have been concerned in it, but if you insist on excluding him from this, as the Condition upon which only, you will agree to this proposal, or suffer M'. DuBois and myself to purchase and patent it, we shall acquiesce. Klock first mentioned it to DuBois, who for this reason is desirous he should partake; as to myself I owe him no Favour, nor can he expect it from his conduct in Magin's affair. It is included I observe within Klock's purchase made in Council at Albany when Magin's affair was settled, but they did not think proper to take it in, it being left out of the survey. However if you think it better to purchase it, we shall proceed in that way, tho I had rather proceed as if it was vested in the Crown even tho we paid the Indians a farther consideration for it. [From Goldsbrow Banyar. To Sir William Johnson Baronet. February 1, 1762].
I cant understand what you mean regarding the 500 acres as You are pleased to call it, (which I am assured is above double that Quantity) You say you believe it already purchased, and yet would have me give the Indians in a private way something for disclaiming any Title or claim thereto, I think I can get it from the Indians for about £40, and not less, owing to Klocks tampering with, and offering money for it last year. I would have it included in the Patent if Possible and be Jointly concerned with you & M'. Dubois therein. It will be worth more to us than twice that Quantity of the other Land. As I don’t look upon His Majestys instructions to prevent obtaining a Pattent for Land purchased, & paid for previous to the Governours receiving it, I would be glad to have the survey made as soon as maybe, least I may be obliged to leave home, and that would prevent the proceedings in it [To Goldsbrow Banyar. From Sir William Johnson Baronet. March 13, 1762].
AFFIDAVIT REGARDING COLLINS'S SURVEY.
About eighteen or nineteen years ago Mr Collins Survey [or ] [David Schyler,] & Peter Waggoner told the Dept. at ye. House that they [ ] been up to survey the land at Conajoharee for Mr Livingston [ ] that they had proceeded up the river during the night which was moonlight, to a Creek called Onónadóga on the West Shore, that whilst Davd. Schyler, & Peter Waggoner were asleep the said Collins fixed his Compass at the Mouth of said Creek, & took a Course up into the woods, that before day next morning said Collins waked Davd. Schyler, & Peter Waggoner, who were surprized to see the Compass fixed, that thereupon said Collins bid them make haste, & embark in their Canoe for fear the Indsshould discover them as they would knock them on the head — that on embarking in a hurry a Bag with Waggoners name on & an axe were left behind which Waggoner was desirous to go fetch, but Collins prevented it saying, that those who had got the Land could easily afford to pay for them. That they then proceeded [to the house down the River,] near to [the where David Schyler now lives,] said Collins having his Compass fixed in the Canoe all the way, and took the severa[l] Courses of the shore, that he desired said Schyler & Waggon[er] to make haste, & paddle briskly without touching yeCanoe [making a noise] least the Indians should hear them, and that on coming to the place aforementioned they landed & said Collins, & Waggoner proceeded to the house of said Waggoner where the Dept. then was,& when they informed him [ ] particulars [ ] has heard the said Waggoner  the [ ] affair in the same manner adding [ ] been discovered the Indians would certainly have killed [ ] & that he expected to have been very well payed for atten[ ] said Collins, but never received more than two Rix Dol[lars][at which he was greatly] That during the last war the Indians of Conajoharee occasioned a great alarm in that Neighbourhood, threatning to murder the Inhabitants, and the Dept. was informed that the Cause thereof was their having been cheated of their land by the before mentioned Survey and further the Dept says not. (SWJ 4:143).
1 It is unprecedented to make 2d. purchases [ ] Inds for Lands Pattented formerly, as also to run lines [ ] & that unknown to the Indians, & they after doing [ ]
2 Klock never paid ye. Consideration money mentioned [ ]17
Deeds, notwithstanding wh. Tillebagh then Justice ( [ ] with Klock) was an Evidence to them — Here I think
Tillebagh was wrong In signing wt. he must know to be false.1
4th. The Deeds had no certificates or other Proof on ye. B [ ]
5th. Deeds Signed by Several who have no right to sign them Such as Shawanese, Oneidaes, Lower Mohawks, & Children wh. I can prove, as can also ye. Sachims, & Klock must own it.
6th. Ury Klock was ye Person who helped to Settle the Rent wh. the Tenants pay to the Indsthese many Years, this can be proved by the Tenants.
7th. Not one Principal Sachim of Conojohare Signed ye. first Deed, as can be proved by ye. Inds and Eve Pickard,
8th. the Deed on wh. the Pattent is founded does not Comprehend half the Land now claimed, as Pr said Deed will appear, neither are the bounds by Sd. Deed, either clear or ascertained19
9th. if Mr . Livingston & aknew their Title to be good, why would they not give Klock & Fonda a Warrantee, ye. Deeds will shew that they have only given a quit Claim — or why not divided as yet in 33 years.
10th. Jacob G. Klock is Son to George Klock,& not qualified to Interpret. Jacob Forbes another of their Interpreters declared to me he did not understand enough of ye. language to interpret between Klocks Party, & the Indson ye. 9thof December as Pr his Affidavit, will appear & yt. ye. Inds all but one were unwilling to sign sd. DeclarationJustice Klock says sd. Inds except one Cobus alias Negroe a Creature of Klocks were unwilling to sign sd. Declara[tion][written in the hand of Sir William Johnson] (SWJ 4:145).
11th. also the Declaration of ye. 9th. Decbr on wh. much Stress is layed was Signed by 2 Men, their Wives, 2 of their small Children & two Lads under Age, and those are called in Sd. Declaration the Majority of the Indians of ye. Conojohare Tribe, these Indians who are in Sd. Declaration Said to  ye. general Meeting of yt. Castle ye 10th of last [March ] word to say, as will appear by the Minutes of Sd. [ ] by order of the Govr. & Council in mine & the presence [ ] of his Majestys Justices of the Peace.
11th. Mr Duncan one of the Party acknowledged in ye presence [ ] the Justices ye. 10th. of March that Klock was a great Roug [ ] that he plainly saw there had been a great deal of dirty work made use of in the Affair, & was sorry he was concerned in it his Letter of ye 1 March may also shew a good deal, but do not choose to make use of it if I can avoid it, nor of Mr. Rutherfords dated 21st. Febry 1763.
July5th.  — Sir Wm. was told that a great many of the Conojhare Indians had left their Country greatly enraged at the threats of Ury Klock, who told them they had no Right to a foot of land whereon they lived, and forbid their improving the same, and that he was then preparing to lay it out into Lots, altho' released by four of the Proprietors. — that this had determined those who were gone never to return, and the rest to follow. —
.. . Beginning at a certain place at a Mounting called Antonis Nose Running with a Straight Line to the northermost Branch of a River Called Sacondaga River then Westerly with a straight Corse to the furthermost Branch of a Creek called Canada Creek at Burnets Field and the then Westerly seven Miles and then Southerly kiping seven Miles from the said Canada Creek till that Corse stricks the Mohawks River then down the stream of the said River to the aforesaid Antonis Nose or place where first began, and also one other piece or parsil of of [sic] Land on the south side of the Mohawks River in the County of Albany Beginning at a Creek Nowodago at Canajohary Runing thence along Philip Livingstons Patent & Company and along Lansings David Young and others also along Depeysters also along Conrath Franks & others so down by or near Herkimers to the Mohawks River thence down ye stream to the place first began so as to include all the vacant Land within the Limits and bounds set forth . . . (New York States Secretary of State Deeds 21:346).
9th.[July, 1766] — “June the 30th. Sir — agreeable to your desire I this day set out for Oneida, & arrived at Conojahare where I found the Mohawks waiting, who informed me that they had waited three days for the Indians of that Castle, who were kept drunk during that time by George Klock with design to purchase some lands from them in that State, we waited until the5th. day, but finding they got Rum so plenty, we proceeded in our Journey with two of that Castle, who were the only sober ones at that time, and who expressed their disatisfaction at the State of the rest. — . . . (WJP12:139)
Guy-park October 1st. 1767 —
DEAR SIR —
Your Letter to Sir William Johnson of August last came here during his absence at the Springs in N. England; since his return his time has been so occupied that he could not Answer it fully, and is now gone to Onondaga on some Indian affairs, from whence he will return in about ten days; — He has therefore desired me to acknowledge the receipt of your favor, and to acquaint you that it shall be fully answered at his return. In the mean time I can inform you, that the Proprietors (Klock excepted) executed a proper Instrument of Release to the Indians, and I believe it is amongst Sr William's papers, but Klock refuses to sign it, and tells the Indians that the whole Transaction is of no effect & only calculated to deceive them. [Guy Johnson to John Tabor Kempe] (SWJP 12:139).
Brothers— The occasion of my calling you together now, is, that I have heard you have entered into agreements with some persons for the Sale of Lands, and that the same might be concluded in my presence; being willing to save you the trouble of a Journey to New-York for that purpose — I likewise desire to know whether your disputes with George Klock, are still depending, and whether he has executed the deed of release which you shewd me, when I was last here, and was the Subject of one of your Complaints —
Then Cayenquizagoe stood up with the Deed in his hand, and said Brother — When your Excellency [Sir Henry Moore, Governor of the Colony of New York] was last here we unanimously requested, that George Klock might be obliged to sign the Deed, as the rest had done, and, you then was so kind as to give us a favorable answer, — He has not yet executed it, and we now request that he may, if possible, be compelled to sign it, before we proceed to any business — His Excellency then called Klock, and desired him to attend to what the Indians then said, and added, — " you told me a few days agoe, that when the Indians should be assembled, I should find that they were so far from desiring you to execute the release. that on the contrary you would be requested to keep it in your own hands — It is very plain, that you have attempted to Impose on me, by an Assertion, which is now contradicted by them, and I desire therefore that you will now declare, whether you will subscribe to the release, or not. —To this Klock hesitated, alledged that they had given him the Land, — that it had cost him £45. — that they took out his Sons to Survey it — that the Chiefs got 50 of Com, that it would ruin him, for that he had sold it, & hoped that his Excellency would not ruin him, and desired to have some Evidences he had brought, examined — His Excellency answered, that the only Question he had to ask at this Juncture, was whether he would sign the Release, or not; and that if he still persisted in his refusal, he should direct the proper Officer to proceed against him, and compell him to do it by a due course of Law. —Klock still refused, and said that the Act of Assembly had rendered it unnecessary — The Indians accused him of falsehoods, of breeding disturbances, and after denying his assertions, insisted on his signing it, before they proceeded to any other business. — Mr Duncan had declared that his own party had stopped the Survey of it, and had broke his Chain. — and MrButler said, that two days after the pretended Sale to Klock, the Conajoharee Indians complained to him, that Klock had been breeding disturbance, and had been seducing their young men. — Klock was again called upon to sign the release, which he still declined, and made use of every rude expression to the Speaker of the Indians, after which he desired to withdraw a few minutes, to consider whether he should sign it, or not — after being long out, he returned, and said he could not sign it till he could consult his Lawyers, and that MrPhilip Livingston told him at New-York in the presence of his brother William Livingston, that he Should not Sign it, because his (P: Livn)signing it was nothing, as Klock had the Deed — for the truth of this he appealed to Mr Duncan, who denied the knowledge of it, — being againdesired by his Excellency to Sign it, he refused, and was dismissed, after which his Excellency accquainted the Indians with what he had said, and told them, that a prosecution was now on foot against him, and that, he (the Governor) would use his utmost endeavors to compell him to execute the Release, and do them all possible Justice; — that as it was late, he advised them to goe, and settle with the Land Purchasers, so as to be prepared the next morning to execute the Sales intended — The Indians then thanked his Excellency for what he had promised, and said that, after taking some refreshmt. they would return, and settle the Land affairs with the Gentn, as was recommended to them — (SWJ 12:538).28
Caseof the Mohawks of Conajohare respecting the Lands around their Village
The Conajohares consider themselves as within the Same Predicament as the Mohawks with regard to the large Sales they formerly made for very Slender Considerations and to the mere trifle of Property remaining in their hands.
That the present Claimants and [ ] believe of the Premisses, did afterwards agree to[ ] part, which was perfected by all present except a certain [ ] Some Man, who has often created much uneasiness in [ ] Still continues to refuse to execute the Same, and has [ ] Part thereof, alledging as a reason, ”that he had been well [“ ] which the Indians can give no Credit. That although [ ] are willing to Judge honorably of the Intention of the present Proprietors [ ] Yet they cannot help being greatly alarmed at the Conduct of Klock [ ] that a Discontent arising therefrom, may operate on the rest of [ ] same Effect as is Set forth in the Case of the Mohawks. [ ] their fidelity, and Attachment to the English intitles them to strict Just[ice ]Protection of Government, & that for the Considerations before mentioned their [ ] Slender Remains of their Property, is reasonable, and their Desire moderate.
Pro Sir William Johnson
GJOHNSON D Agent
 Mohawk Indians
 ing the lands around their
Village— 1772 (SWJ 8:686)
DEAR SIR WILLIAM,
This Moment I had the great pleasu[re ] favor of the 27 ult°.
which was the only letter [ ] self from our Friends by this post: — As I must [ ] ready the Post going off early in the
morning, the [ ] sevl Friends who will not write to me, I shall first [ ] Matters of business as they happen to
occurr hoping that [ ] impute the want of method to the continual hurry in which I am[ ] arily involved, and of which I am
fully persuaded few can have [any] conception.— In the first place, the Act I suggested a hint of for qu[ieting]
[NewYork February 16, 1773] [ ] not to be settled at [ ] [ ] You have heard that the P [ ] [ ap]proved & Sworn to,(myself being one of] [ Go]vernor says that a Minute in their favor [ ] on the Council books, & an Ord'. to the Rec'. Genl. [ ] part of Van Homes Patent off the Quit rent List. [ ] as Klock stands single & we must see what to do with him [betwee]n this & next Winter; as also what you have done with the [Cana]joharees about the Exchange that Cockburne was to make,—  Settled, should Klock still be obstinate, an Act of the Legislature [or some] other measure must be fallen upon. — . . . (SWJ 8:714)
Guy Park, Aug. 2d 1774
Having been much indisposed for some days past it Was not sooner
in my power to write you on a matter complained of by the Indians at the last Congress [July 11,1774] respecting the conduct
of their old Antagonist, GEO: KLOCK. It would take up too much of your time to enter at present into the relation of his
repeated Offences; these were highly aggravated by the circumstance of his seducing one of their People to accompany him last
Winter to England and Exhibiting him as a Show, but LORD DARTMOUTH having sent in quest of KLOCK he returned hastily to
America & defrauded the Indian of his money on the passage, of this the Indian complained & went (with some others)
to his House, where they took part of that Cash away and insisted on his signing a Release for part of the Lands of their
Village, included in the patent of Van Horne
1. This refers to the mouth of a small stream which empties into the Mohawk River at the upper end of a large island (40+ acres) now known as Abeel’s Island. It appears on most all maps and is directlyabove the mouth of the Otsquago Creek and Canal Lock 15.
2. The first creek of any substantial size flowing into the Mohawk from the south, when traveling from east to west from Fort Plain to the “Little Falls” is the stream now called the Nowadaga Creek or by the Indians Onawdage. A 1771 map of lands surveyed for Philip Livingston by William Cockburn shows at the mouth of the aforesaid creek theOo Castle on the west bank of the stream and the Onandaga Castle on the eastern bank.
5. It would appear from the presence of wax seals, the corresponding bleed marks made by the wax seals made when the document was folded over upon itself, and the appearance of differing styles of penmanship in the autograph signatures of the witnesses, that this is an original copy of the deed.
8. “King Hendrick” is a nickname given to this great Sachem who is simply known as “Hendrick” in the writings of Sir William Johnson and other Colonial Era documents. This is the same Hendrick who lost his life in the Battle of Lake George.
10. Philip Livingston in his Last Will & Testament of July 15, 1748, directed that his real estate be equally divided amongst his eight children (SCJ, 3:118).
13. This deed is said, by Willis Barsheid of Fort Klock Historic Restoration, to have been donated to the library by Bert Klock, of Saint Johnsville, New York, a proven descendant of George Klock).
15. All research within the William Alexander Papers was preformed by Marilyn J. (Cramer) Jackson of Silver Springs, Maryland and provided to this author by her, as a gift, on July 4, 1984. All credit for these notes are due to her.
17. It is odd that this charge leveled only at Klock as Jellis Fonda was a half partner in this transaction. Did Fonda pay his fair portion?
18. In the October, 1807 Session of the Montgomery Circuit of the Supreme Court of Judicature of the State of New York before Justice ____ Van Ness, appeared Wilhelmus Dillenback, age 90, to affirm that sometime after the French War he had been present when a deed from several Indians to George Klock and Jellis Fonda was signed by the said Indians and that he had signed the same deed as a witness (SCJ, 3:378).
19. Apparently, Sir William was either unaware of or chose to ignore the deed granting the western portion of the Canajoharie Patent to Philip Livingston and Company on July 1, 1730 (Indorsed Land Papers, NY State Archives, Mss #AO272, Volume 10, page 120).
20. An original copy of this deed, which was to be signed by George Klock, was found in the possession of his descendant Thomas H. Hyde of Gainsville, Georgia in September of 2008.
21. This is a possible a variation of Youry Klock, who also appears with the names George, Ury, Yourry, Yury, Jury, and Jurg in various Colonial Era documents. However, it could just as easily be referring to either Jacob Klock or George Klock, sons of George Klock.
22. This is Map #H532, in the Map Collection of the New York State Land Bureau Offices, 26th Floor, Corning Tower, Empire State Plaza, Albany, New York).
23. A copy of this Field Book . . .Certified as a true copy by Mat. Visscher, Clerk, Albany Co., n.d. by Richard Lunt, Clerk, Albany Co., September 20, 1803, and same date, compared with original by Gerrit Cluett; by John Lovett, Clerk, Albany Co., April 20, 1814. . . . is found within the VanVechten Family Papers, Mss Collection #LZ15213, Box 1 Folder 9, in the New York State Library of Albany, New York.
24. On April 19, 1765, William Burnet Brown, heir of Mary Burnet, re-sold the Burnet Family’s interests in the patent to Adam Garlock, Solomon Moyer, and John Pickard. But, this sale was illegal due to his having previously deeded his title to the Native Americans, and fortunately, the legality of this latter transaction was never challenged (SCJ,13:370)]. The later status of the Schuyler’s Family’s interest in the Canajoharie Patent are unclear as on July7, 1766: the widow Margaret Schuyler, Adonijah Schuyler, Philip Schuyler, & Joseph Mabee; heirs of David Schuyler, deceased agreed to sell their holdings within the patent to John Duncan, if it were to be found that he had deed all of real estate in the patent to the Indians in the November 22, 1763 deed (William Alexander Papers, Box 19A).
25. N.B. This action by Klock reset the twenty year time clock for a came of adverse possession by the Indians. Thus to have any hopes of effectively claiming adverse possession, the Canajoharies would have had to remain on their improved lands until July 6th,1786.
26. Papers found in the possession of Elizabeth Normander of the Town of
Philadelphia, Jefferson County, New York in the late 1940's contained
an indenture signed by Jacob Klock [the captain] in 1742 agreeing to pay unto the heirs of Henrich Klock Junior equal amounts
of monies. Amongst those named as heirs of the said Henrich Klock were: Johann George Klock; Hannadam Klock; Han Yost Klock;
Conrad Klock; and, Barvalis (Klock) Nellis. Also, in the Albany County Mortgages Volume 2, page24, wherein Juria Klock
mortgaged on September 21, 1765, a portion ofLots 16 & 17 of the Harrison Patent to the Widow Margaret Schuyler,
James& Elizabeth Cortlandt, and others; is a description of the property abutting the house of Adam Klock and
the house of Carol Garlock
All Rights Reserved to the Author
Updated 05 May 2009